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What are my options if I plead "not guilty" at arraignment?

Your case will go to trial. Your trial must be held within 45 days unless you waive time.


There are Three Types of trials:


Trial Type This Means You will:
Court Trial Testify about the facts in the case before a judicial officer. The officer who issued the ticket is subpoenaed to appear and will testify. You may Subpoena witnesses on your own behalf.
Summary Trial Appear in court but the officer is not present. The proceedings are based on the ticket and you do not have the right to subpoena witnesses to appear on your behalf.
Trial by Written Declaration Write a statement explaining the facts of the case as you understand them and why the court should rule in your favor. The officer who wrote your ticket will also prepare a statement for the court. This process allows you to tell your story without the time and stress of appearing for trial. The judge will determine the case solely based on these declaration. It is up to the judge to allow you this type of trial.

You may choose your trial type if you decide to plead not guilty.


Your bail will be returned to you if you are found not guilty at the end of your trial. If you are found guilty, your bail is forfeited and applied to the fine.

More Traffic Q&A Topics
Ticket Basics
Traffic Ticket Amnesty Program
How to Handle Your Ticket
Traffic Payment Plan
Before Your Court Date
Arraignment Hearing
Trial Types
Trial by Written Declaration
Your Day in Court
Traffic School
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