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Mental Health Commonly Used Abbreviations and Terms
Abbreviation Description of Abbreviation
LPS The last name initials of the California legislators who wrote the California Mental Health Act of 1967: Lanterman, Petris, and Short; and the short-hand designation of the Act.
WIC California Welfare and Institutions Code. The LPS Act is found at WIC 5000, et. seq.
LPS Hold Also known as a mental health hold or psychiatric hold. Any holds defined in the Welfare and Institutions Code sections 5000 et. seq (listed below).
WIC 5150 Also known as 72 hour holds.
"Detention of Mentally Disordered Persons for Evaluation and Treatment" for a period of 72 hours for persons alleged to meet the legal criteria of being a danger to self or others or gravely disabled due to a mental disorder (See WIC 5150 for more detail).
WIC 5250 Also known as 14 day holds.
"Certification for Intensive Treatment" for a period of 14 days for persons alleged to meet the legal criteria of being a danger to self or others or gravely disabled due to a mental disorder (See WIC 5250 for more detail).
WIC 5260 Also known as additional 14 day holds.
"Additional Intensive Treatment of Suicidal Person" certification for an additional period of 14 days beyond WIC 5250 (the first 14 days) for persons who are allegedly imminently suicidal due to a mental disorder (See WIC 5260 for more detail).
WIC 5270.15 Also known as 30 day holds.
"Additional Intensive Treatment" for an additional period of 30 days beyond WIC 5250 (the first 14 days) for persons who were gravely disabled on the first 14 day hold and allegedly remain gravely disabled due to a mental disorder (See WIC 5270.15 for more detail).
Certification Review Hearing: WIC 5256.1 Also known as Probable Cause Hearings.
A facility-based hearing for persons on WIC 5250 or 5270 holds. The hearing is to determine if the psychiatric treatment facility has probable cause to detain the person for the remainder of the hold period. The facility is required to notify the Court (Mental Health Counselor's Office) when any person is placed on a 5250 or 5270 hold. The Certification Review Hearing is to be held within 4 days of the person being placed on the hold. A facility representative must present the probable cause information at the hearing. The representative of the facility must be a mental health professional designated by the director of the facility to present. The psychiatric treatment facility representative must show probable cause that the person is a danger to self or others or gravely disabled due to a mental disorder. The patient is usually represented by a Patients' Rights Advocate from the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health but may be represented by a private attorney. The hearing is based upon the specific criteria certified on the hold (see above for hold criteria).
Mental Health Hearing Referee: WIC 5256.1 Also known as a probable cause hearing officer or certification review hearing officer.
A person meeting the requirements of this statute and designated by the Supervising Judge of the Mental Health Court to conduct Certification Review Hearings and file Judicial Reviews requested by persons on holds. Medication Capacity (Riese) Hearings are conducted by designated Mental Health Hearing Referees who are licensed attorneys (See Medication Capacity Hearings below).
Judicial Review WIC 5275 et. seq. Also known as a Writ or Writ of Habeas Corpus.
A person may request one Judicial Review per hold of a Certification Review Hearing decision finding probable cause. Also, a person may choose to bypass the probable cause hearing for direct Judicial Review. The Mental Health Hearing Referee will prepare the Writ for the patient’s signature, serve the facility with a copy, and file the Writ with the Court for hearing. The Writ must be filed with the Court on the date taken and heard in Court within two judicial days.
WIC 5300 Also known as a 180 day Postcertification.
"Postcertification Procedures for Imminently Dangerous Persons" for a period of 180 days beyond WIC 5250, the first 14 day hold, for persons who allegedly have made a serious threat of substantial physical harm or attempted or inflicted physical harm on another due to a mental disorder (See WIC 5300 for more detail).
Application for Conservatorship: WIC 5352 Also known as an LPS or Mental Health Conservatorship.
A mental health conservatorship begins with an application for conservatorship completed by a person designated to write LPS holds and filed with the Public Guardian's Office. No applications for mental health conservatorship will be accepted from family or friends.
Medication Capacity Hearing WIC 5332 Also known as a Riese hearing or antipsychotic medication capacity hearing.
A facility-based hearing to determine if a person on any of the LPS holds, other than a temporary conservatorship or conservatorship, has the capacity to refuse psychiatric medications. Hearings for persons on temporary conservatorship must be requested through Public Guardian/County Counsel and the hearing is held in Department 95A. If the person is on conservatorship, the conservator should be notified and advised to request a hearing with the Court which will be held also in Department 95A. The initial Riese hearing for LPS holds must be held at the facility. The treating physician must file (FAX) a petition to the Mental Health Counselor's office. The hearing must be scheduled within 72 hours. The decision of the Mental Health Hearing Referee may be appealed to the Court by either the patient or the treating physician. The current treating physician must present the evidence at both the facility-based hearing and any subsequent Court hearing.
Conservatorship: WIC 5350, et. seq. Also called a LPS conservatorship or mental health conservatorship.
These sections define the process of requesting conservatorship for a person who is alleged to be gravely disabled due to a mental disorder. Conservatorship lasts for a period of one year. The conservator may petition the Court for reappointment each year. Failure to request reappointment as conservator before expiration of the current appointment requires the Court to end the conservatorship "by operation of law."
Temporary Letters of Conservatorship: WIC 5352.1. Also known as a TCON.
The Court may issue a temporary letter of conservatorship when a petition for conservatorship is filed by the Public Guardian's Office. The temporary letter of conservatorship permits the Public Guardian to authorize continued involuntary treatment for a period of 30 days (NOTE: may be extended up to 6 months).
WIC 5351 All applications for mental health conservatorships must be filed with the Public Guardian. The Public Guardian may serve as conservator if the Court finds a person to be gravely disabled and there are no family members or friends willing and able to be the conservator.
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